Your baby's ability to understand words has been increasing, so at about 14 months you can start a new, entertaining game with your little one: Show me your nose (and ears and eyes and so on). “These games lay the groundwork for language and other social skills,” says Rechele Brooks Ph.D., research assistant professor at the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences at the University of Washington. “It's a wonderful social learning experience.”
The turn-taking involved is like the back-and-forth of a conversation, giving your baby practice at something she'll be doing all her life. Playing this way is also important, adds Brooks, because such activities “give infants the opportunity to learn words and to gesture.” Plus, playing “show me” games allows you and your baby to focus on the same thing. “Sharing attention by making eye contact and gesturing is an important part of the infant's social world and sets the stage for later language development.”
It's mind-boggling how much your toddler understands. Plus the sight of those chubby fingers pointing earnestly at her nose is enough reward to play again and again. Expand her repertoire of words by playing name-and-point while eating dinner (practice with phrases like “Show me the peas.”) or at the grocery store (ask “Where are the apples?”).
Buddy System: 5 to 8 months
At 6 months of age, your baby can stay awake for up to three hours with fewer but longer snoozes. This more predictable schedule, combined with your baby's ever-expanding cognitive abilities, means you have a new playmate who thinks everything you do is funny.
“Repeat, repeat, repeat; that's how babies learn,” explains Jackie Silberg, author of Baby Smarts: Games for Playing and Learning. But if your baby starts fussing or looking away, it's time for the game to end. When you follow his cues, you're teaching the most important lesson of all — that he can count on you to take care of him. Try these games, which should reward you with delicious baby giggles:
Bubble time Babies love bubbles, so let him examine one when still on the wand and then touch it. The pop may surprise him, but after a few tries, he'll understand this lesson in cause and effect.
Box it up Fill a shoe box with ordinary items (plastic containers, blocks, spoons) and let baby “discover” them. Show him how to put them back in and do it all again.
Singalong Try “Pop Goes the Weasel” and whenever you say “pop,” clap your hands. He'll love that he can start to predict when it's going to happen.
The Magic of Mama: 9 to 12 months
Somewhere around 12 months your baby might delight you by saying “mama.” He's probably thrown those syllables together before, but now he knows what it means. Saying these early words is the result of a gradual process. “Babies understand — well before they actually speak — that things have names,” explains Roberta Golinkoff Ph.D., director of the University of Delaware Infant Language Project and co-author of How Babies Talk.
As your little one practices random syllables (and often hears you say “mama loves you”) he finally utters the word. When you reward him with your joyous response, he puts those syllables together again and again. Other early words are likely to be nouns as well, and while you can't really rush things, you can support early vocabulary using these tips:
Label his likes Since babbling increases when he's ex-cited, step in to name the thing that's making him happy. (“Bananas! You like the bananas?”)
Read to him Reading offers lots of opportunities to label things again, and babies love repetition and predictability.
Tune up Captivate him with songs like “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes” that have engaging tunes that also teach words and concepts.