The Short of It
A review of decades of comprehensive research has concluded there is not a negative impact to children of same-sex marriage or relationships.
In a new review, Jimi Adams, associate professor of health and behavioral studies at the University of Colorado Denver, sought to find out if children suffered any disadvantages simply because their parents were in same-sex marriages or relationships.
"I found overwhelming evidence that scientists agree that there is not a negative impact to children of same-sex couples," Adams said in a news release.
Adams' team analyzed data from thousands of studies on the issue and found that, by 1990, a consensus began to emerge, and by 2000, it had reached an "overwhelming" consensus that same-sex parenting does not harm children. The data found that children of same-sex parents do not differ from those of heterosexual or single parents on a range of social and behavioral outcomes.
The well-being of children with same-sex parents was one of the issues addressed by the U.S. Supreme Court in its ruling Friday that upheld the legality of same-sex marriage.
"Without the recognition, stability and predictability marriage offers, children suffer the stigma of knowing their families are somehow lesser," Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote in the majority opinion. "They also suffer the significant material costs of being raised by unmarried parents, relegated to a more difficult and uncertain family life. The marriage laws at issue thus harm and humiliate the children of same-sex couples."
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