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$36.25

"We teach the reader, not just the reading. We want children to be lifelong learners who read actively and independently across th...e curriculum, who engage their minds and understand what they read. The Toolkit lessons and practices teach kids to use comprehension strategies to 'read to learn' as they encounter information and ideas in a wide variety of nonfiction texts." Stephanie Harvey & Anne Goudvis Learn how to teach nonfiction strategies to intermediate readers and how Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis help students listen to their inner conversation, keep track of their thinking, and monitor their understanding as they read. Through 2 foundational books The Comprehension Toolkit Teacher s Guide and Monitor Comprehension and seven online video clips, Steph and Anne provide the lesson plans, teaching language, and tools you ll need to teach students how to use nonfiction reading strategies flexibly across a variety of texts, topics, and subject areas.In the Teacher's Guide, Steph and Anne explain the research and thinking behind The Comprehension Toolkit. They include an overview of the Toolkit's instructional design as well as guidelines for integrating the Toolkit into your literacy curriculum. In addition to describing how to foster an active literacy classroom, the Teacher's Guide shows how to choose texts and apply the strategies in science and social studies, and offers guidelines for assessing student work. When readers monitor their comprehension, they keep track of their thinking while reading. They listen to the voice in their head that speaks to them as the read. They notice when the text makes sense or when it doesn't. Monitor Comprehension helps you teach readers how to "fix up" their comprehension by using a variety of strategies including stopping to refocus thinking, rereading, and reading on. Throughout readers learn to monitor and use strategies to maintain understanding and repair comprehension when it breaks down.The seven accompanying video clips include a video conversation with Dr. P. David Pearson and slideshows of an active literacy classroom, an assessment overview, and strategy instruction in science and social studies. read more

FirstHand
$65.00 $58.10

Research shows that for long-term retention and real-world application spelling instruction needs to be more than the memorization... of word lists. Offering an alternative to the traditional word-list approach, Sandra Wilde's Spelling Strategies and Patterns brings joy and teaching to spelling instruction. Sandra's inquiry-based approach to spelling instruction engages children in exploring the spelling patterns they are already starting to internalize and developing the strategies that will help them fine-tune their spelling as they write. Spelling Strategies and Patterns has two components In the lesson book, Sandra offers 65 short lessons designed to help students become more proficient spellers. - 32 strategy lessons help children improve spelling as they go about the process of writing; many of them answer the question, "What should I do when I'm writing and don't know how to spell a word?' - 33 pattern lessons help children know what to do when it's not obvious what letters are in a word; many answer the question, "How do I know which letters to choose in order to spell the sounds I hear?" An accompanying CD-ROM provides a wealth of resources to support your inquiry-based spelling instruction. - Live-from-the-classroom video footage allows you to observe Sandra as she teaches strategy and pattern lessons. "Working with What Kids Give You" video clips show how to incorporate the unexpected events that invariably occur during the course of a spelling exploration. - An up-close look at student writing samples with voice-over commentary from Sandra allows you to look over the authors shoulder as she analyzes student work. - Printable lesson reproducibles and modifiable assessment forms offer practical day-to-day support. read more

FirstHand
$97.50 $97.00

Gretchen Owocki's Literate Days: Reading and Writing with Preschool and Primary Children is a multimedia curriculum resource for p...reschool, kindergarten, and first-grade teachers looking to enrich and broaden their literacy-related instructional practices. Framed by research notes and kidwatching forms, lessons present ideas for enhancing existing teaching practices (such as whole-group read-aloud and circle time) and for extending the quality of students' literacy experiences in times that are not typically considered “instructional” (such as independent reading and play). Ample research evidence shows that when teachers accomplish the types of teaching described in this resource, children's achievement soars - and their lives as literate individuals flourish   Components A jump-in-and-get-started Teacher's Guide outlines the thinking behind Literate Days   33 lessons are organized into three lesson books. • Book 1: Grounding Children in Routines and Procedures for Meaningful Learning • Book 2: Building, Energizing, and Re-envisioning the Literacy • Book 3: Deepening the Scholarship in the Classroom Community Framed by research notes and kidwatching forms, lessons provide that provide detailed plans, teaching tools, and reproducibles for children.   The Lessons from Literate Days DVD models effective literacy instruction with two hours of live-from-the-classroom video footage.   read more

FirstHand
$31.25 $25.78

Games for Early Number Sense is one of three yearlong resource guides in Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Number S...ense, Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    Games for Early Number Sense contains 24 games that you can choose from as you consider the needs of your students. The unit includes notes for each game describing the mathematical landscape - the possibilities and openings for learning that can occur as children play. Sample dialogues are interspersed throughout to help you anticipate what learners might say and do and to provide you with images of teachers and children at work. The games foster the development of early number sense and addition, including the basic facts, and are appropriate for K - 1.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

FirstHand
$71.88 $59.32

"We turn information into knowledge by thinking about it. These texts support students in using the Toolkit's comprehension and th...inking strategies as tools to acquire and actively use knowledge in history."-Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis To support cross-curricular strategy instruction and close reading for information, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have expanded their Toolkit Texts series to include a library of short nonfiction for American history with 10 all-new Toolkit lessons. Building on selections from popular children's magazines as well as original articles, these engaging, age-appropriate texts will keep your active literacy classroom awash in historical resources that depict the controversies, issues, and dramas that shaped historical events, including the exploits of lesser-known individuals. These short nonfiction texts for American history include: 10 comprehension strategy lessons for close reading in content literacy. Short nonfiction articles on a wide range of topics and at a variety of reading levels. A bank of historical images, primary source documents and artifacts, plus primary source documents and artifacts bibliographies, web sites, and ideas for online investigations. A Digital Companion Resource provides all of the texts, primary source documents, and the image bank in a full-color digital format so you can display them for group analysis. Lesson Title 1 Read and Annotate: Stop, think, and react using a variety of strategies to understand 2 Annotate Images: Expand understanding and learning from visuals 3 Build Background to Understand a Primary Source:Read and paraphrase secondary sources to create a context for a topic 4 Read and Analyze a Primary Source: Focus on what you know and ask questions to clarify and explain 5 Compare Perspectives: Explore the different life experiences of historical figures 6 Read Critically: Consider point of view and bias 7 Organize Historical Thinking: Create a question web 8 Read with a Question in Mind: Focus on central ideas 9 Surface Common Themes: Infer the big ideas across several texts 10 Synthesize Information to Argue a Point: Use claim, evidence, and reasoning The CCSS and other state standards expect that children will read a variety of texts on a common topic and synthesize the ideas and information. These short nonfiction texts were selected using the following criteria: Interest/Content Because kids love the quirky and the unexpected, these texts highlight important but often lesser-known or unrecognized perspectives and voices from the past. Visual literacy Since visual literacy is an essential 21st-century skill, these texts include historical images, paintings, and maps, as well as diagrams, timelines, charts, and photographs. Writing quality and accuracy To foster student engagement, these articles feature vibrant language in an active voice supported by a rich assortment of visual features. Reading level/complexity These texts are written at a range of reading levels and include a wide variety of topics to capture the interests of all readers. read more

FirstHand
$52.50

"These articles lend themselves to active reading, giving kids a great place to annotate and work out their thinking as they read...." --Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis In response to the overwhelming demand for more high-quality, age-appropriate nonfiction texts, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have developed the four-volume series Toolkit Texts: Short Nonfiction for Guided and Independent Practice. Each volume provides a library of age-appropriate nonfiction articles in a reproducible format. Personally selected and edited by Harvey and Goudvis, each article is matched to the strategies described in Toolkit series. The articles in each volume: focus on high-interest topics that help build strong readers while also building background knowledge in numerous content areas give students an opportunity to read and process the kinds of passages typically found on state tests present information in a range of formats typical of nonfiction texts including time lines, sidebars, interviews, and maps and diagrams are supported by teaching strategies that describe how to integrate the articles into your Toolkit instruction. Plus, the accompanying CD-ROM provides all of the informational texts in English and Spanish. Select the volumes that will best address your students needs. Toolkit Texts, Gr. K-1 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 2-3 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 4-5 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 6-7 Save when you order the entire PreK-7 Toolkit Texts Library for one low price. For a comprehensive overview of the Comprehension Toolkit series including sample lessons, a new Summer School Literacy Guide, free nonfiction short texts in Spanish (K-2), lists of alternative texts, teacher feedback , and presentation materials visit http://www.comprehensiontoolkit.com read more

FirstHand
$84.38

"We turn information into knowledge by thinking about it. These texts support students in using the Toolkit's comprehension and th...inking strategies as tools to acquire and actively use knowledge in history."-Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis To support cross-curricular strategy instruction and close reading for information, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have expanded their Toolkit Texts series to include a library of short nonfiction for American history with 10 all-new Toolkit lessons. Building on selections from popular children's magazines as well as original articles, these engaging, age-appropriate texts will keep your active literacy classroom awash in historical resources that depict the controversies, issues, and dramas that shaped historical events, including the exploits of lesser-known individuals. These short nonfiction texts for American history include: 10 comprehension strategy lessons for close reading in content literacy. Short nonfiction articles on a wide range of topics and at a variety of reading levels. A bank of historical images, primary source documents and artifacts, plus primary source documents and artifacts bibliographies, web sites, and ideas for online investigations. A Digital Companion Resource provides all of the texts, primary source documents, and the image bank in a full-color digital format so you can display them for group analysis. Lesson Title 1 Read and Annotate: Stop, think, and react using a variety of strategies to understand 2 Annotate Images: Expand understanding and learning from visuals 3 Build Background to Understand a Primary Source:Read and paraphrase secondary sources to create a context for a topic 4 Read and Analyze a Primary Source: Focus on what you know and ask questions to clarify and explain 5 Compare Perspectives: Explore the different life experiences of historical figures 6 Read Critically: Consider point of view and bias 7 Organize Historical Thinking: Create a question web 8 Read with a Question in Mind: Focus on central ideas 9 Surface Common Themes: Infer the big ideas across several texts 10 Synthesize Information to Argue a Point: Use claim, evidence, and reasoning The CCSS and other state standards expect that children will read a variety of texts on a common topic and synthesize the ideas and information. These short nonfiction texts were selected using the following criteria: Interest/Content Because kids love the quirky and the unexpected, these texts highlight important but often lesser-known or unrecognized perspectives and voices from the past. Visual literacy Since visual literacy is an essential 21st-century skill, these texts include historical images, paintings, and maps, as well as diagrams, timelines, charts, and photographs. Writing quality and accuracy To foster student engagement, these articles feature vibrant language in an active voice supported by a rich assortment of visual features. Reading level/complexity These texts are written at a range of reading levels and include a wide variety of topics to capture the interests of all readers. read more

FirstHand
$52.50

"These articles lend themselves to active reading, giving kids a great place to annotate and work out their thinking as they read...." --Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis In response to the overwhelming demand for more high-quality, age-appropriate nonfiction texts, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have developed the four-volume series Toolkit Texts: Short Nonfiction for Guided and Independent Practice. Each volume provides a library of age-appropriate nonfiction articles in a reproducible format. Personally selected and edited by Harvey and Goudvis, each article is matched to the strategies described in Toolkit series. The articles in each volume: focus on high-interest topics that help build strong readers while also building background knowledge in numerous content areas give students an opportunity to read and process the kinds of passages typically found on state tests present information in a range of formats typical of nonfiction texts including time lines, sidebars, interviews, and maps and diagrams are supported by teaching strategies that describe how to integrate the articles into your Toolkit instruction. Plus, the accompanying CD-ROM provides all of the informational texts in English and Spanish. Select the volumes that will best address your students needs. Toolkit Texts, Gr. K-1 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 2-3 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 4-5 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 6-7 Save when you order the entire PreK-7 Toolkit Texts Library for one low price. For a comprehensive overview of the Comprehension Toolkit series including sample lessons, a new Summer School Literacy Guide, free nonfiction short texts in Spanish (K-2), lists of alternative texts, teacher feedback , and presentation materials visit http://www.comprehensiontoolkit.com read more

FirstHand
$31.25 $20.00

Trades, Jumps, and Stops: Early Algebra is one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Number Sense..., Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    The story The Masloppy Family Goes to New York City sets the stage in this unit for a series of investigations to develop several big ideas and strategies important in the algebra strand. Seven-year-old Nicholas Masloppy (fondly known as the Organizer) and his brother and sisters are all waiting for the very special night when the family's big piggy bank will be opened. The family has been saving for a long time and now the bank is full. They are hoping to have enough money to go to New York City, where they will ride the subway to the Empire State Building, take a boat ride around the city, and visit the American Museum of Natural History. When the bank is opened, Nicholas's task is to organize the money into three equivalent piles for the three excursions.   The piggy bank context is developed in the story and then used in the unit as an important model for exchange and equivalence. The coins in the bank cannot be distributed into three piles evenly because not all of the coins are in multiples of three. Children need to redistribute and exchange coins in order to make three equivalent amounts. As the unit progresses, the piggy bank context is used to introduce and analyze equations and to develop strategies for simplifying them, such as using the associative and commutative properties, “canceling,” and substituting. Variables are introduced with the additional context of foreign coins of unknown denominations.   As the unit progresses, the context of subway stops at which numbers of passengers board and detrain is used to explore net change and functions. Equivalent expressions are generated as ways to describe the changes and children work to develop convincing proofs that they have found all the possible ways.   Several minilessons for algebra are also included in the unit. These are structured initially as a game of “twenty questions” to determine the denominations of hidden coins totaling 50 cents and later as strings of related problems. Initially the focus of the minilessons is on equivalent trades and writing mathematical statements using the relational signs <, >, and =. As the unit progresses, the minilessons support the development of an understanding of the commutative and associative properties of addition, and of strategies for simplifying equations and solving for unknowns (focusing on strategies such as “canceling,” substituting using equivalence, and undoing.)   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

FirstHand
$71.25

In Lessons That Change Writers, Nancie has narrowed and deepened her conversation with teachers, to focus on the minilesson as a v...ehicle for helping students improve their writing. She shares over a hundred of these writing lessons which are described by her students as "the best of the best." The lessons fall into the following four categories that provide the structure for this book: Lessons about Topics: ways to develop ideas for pieces of writing that will matter to writers and to their readers Lessons about Principles of Writing: ways to think and write deliberately to create literature Lessons about Genre: in which we observe and name the ways that good free verse poems, formatted poetry, essays, short stories, memoirs, thank-you letters, profiles, parodies, and book reviews work and Lessons about Conventions: what readers' eyes and minds have been trained to expect, and how marks and forms function to give writing more voice and power and to make reading predictable and easy. read more

FirstHand
$71.88 $66.95

52 short nonfiction texts for American History (1750-1800) with 10 new lessons for content literacy "We turn information into know...ledge by thinking about it. These texts support students in using the Toolkit's comprehension and thinking strategies as tools to acquire and actively use knowledge in history." -Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis To support cross-curricular strategy instruction and close reading for information, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have expanded their Toolkit Texts series to include a library of short nonfiction for American history with 10 all-new Toolkit lessons. Building on selections from popular children's magazines as well as original articles, these engaging, age-appropriate texts will keep your active literacy classroom awash in historical resources that depict the controversies, issues, and dramas that shaped historical events, including the exploits of lesser-known individuals. These short nonfiction texts for American history include: 10 comprehension strategy lessons for close reading in content literacy. Short nonfiction articles on a wide range of topics and at a variety of reading levels. ( 45 articles in Colonial Times and 52 articles in The American Revolution and Constitution ) A bank of historical images, primary source documents and artifacts, plus primary source documents and artifacts bibliographies, web sites, and ideas for online investigations. A Digital Companion Resource provides all of the texts, primary source documents, and the image bank in a full-color digital format so you can display them for group analysis. Lesson Title 1 Read and Annotate: Stop, think, and react using a variety of strategies to understand 2 Annotate Images: Expand understanding and learning from visuals 3 Build Background to Understand a Primary Source: Read and paraphrase secondary sources to create a context for a topic 4 Read and Analyze a Primary Source: Focus on what you know and ask questions to clarify and explain 5 Compare Perspectives: Explore the different life experiences of historical figures 6 Read Critically: Consider point of view and bias 7 Organize Historical Thinking: Create a question web 8 Read with a Question in Mind: Focus on central ideas 9 Surface Common Themes: Infer the big ideas across several texts 10 Synthesize Information to Argue a Point: Use claim, evidence, and reasoning The CCSS and other state standards expect that children will read a variety of texts on a common topic and synthesize the ideas and information. These short nonfiction texts were selected using the following criteria: Interest/Content Because kids love the quirky and the unexpected, these texts highlight important but often lesser-known or unrecognized perspectives and voices from the past. Visual literacy Since visual literacy is an essential 21st-century skill, these texts include historical images, paintings, and maps, as well as diagrams, timelines, charts, and photographs. Writing quality and accuracy To foster student engagement, these articles feature vibrant language in an active voice supported by a rich assortment of visual features. Reading level/complexity These texts are written at a range of reading levels and include a wide variety of topics to capture the interests of all readers. read more

FirstHand
$36.25

"The rich, open investigations we've developed allow children to engage in mathematizing in a variety of ways. We honor children's... initial attempts at structuring and modeling their world mathematically, while at the same time supporting and challenging them to ensure that important big ideas and strategies are being developed progressively." Catherine Twomey Fosnot Learn how to establish a vibrant, collaborative math workshop for students in grades 4 through 6 and how Catherine Fosnot and her colleagues introduce fractions and compare fractional amounts. Through 2 foundational books-Investigating Fractions, Decimals, and Percents: Overview and Field Trips and Fund-Raisers: Introducing Fractions-and eight online video clips, Cathy and her colleagues provide the strategies, lesson plans, and tools you'll need to transform your classroom into a community of young mathematicians. In the Overview book Cathy provides the professional understandings needed to establish a vibrant math workshop. After chronicling the motivations and ideals that inspire her work, Cathy describes how to help students construct the big ideas, strategies, and models that shape the landscape of learning. Ensuing sections describe the architecture of an investigation and explain how the predictability of this framework fosters independence and collaboration. In addition to describing the management systems that make these investigations rigorous and responsive, Cathy suggests ways to sequence instruction and highlight how units can be used to enhance your existing curriculum. Like the other units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics series, Field Trips and Fund-Raisers: Introducing Fractions provides a two-week sequence of investigations, minilessons, games, and other contexts for learning. The fair-sharing of submarine sandwiches on a school field trip provides the context for exploring big ideas related to fractions in this unit. In attempting to settle arguments about the fair distribution of sandwiches, students explore the connection between division and fractions as well as ways to compare fractional amounts. As the unit progresses, students use the double number line as a model and explore equivalent fractions. The nine accompanying video clips include live from-the-classroom video footage of the unit in action and narrated slide shows that describe the ideals that shape the math workshop and the thinking behind the Contexts for Learning Mathematics series. (Video clips are free for 6 months upon registration. You must register within 6 months of purchase.) Learn more about these resources and the series at www.contextsforlearning.com. This pack is part of firsthand's Getting Started series. Bridging the gap between educational theory and practice, firsthand classroom materials model the carefully crafted techniques and language of master teachers in ways that help teachers refine their practice and reinvent their own teaching. The most comprehensive of these resources span more than a year of instruction. Firsthand's Getting Started Packs were created for teachers in training and professional book study groups who want a compact, affordable way to study and tryout these transformative classroom materials. Each Getting Started Pack includes an overview book, a complete unit of study, online video clips provided free of charge for 6 months, and an accompanying study guide. Getting Started packs include: Launch a Primary Writing Workshop, Grades K-2; Launch an Intermediate Writing Workshop, Grades 3-5; Launch an Intermediate Reading Workshop, Grades 3-5; Introduce the Qualities of Writing, Grades 3-6; Monitor Comprehension with Primary Students, Grades K-2; Monitor Comprehension with Intermediate Students, Grades 3-6; Investigate the Number System, Grades K-3; Investigate Multiplication, Grades 3-5; Investigate Fractions, Grades 4-6. read more

FirstHand
$31.25 $25.78

The T-Shirt Factory: Place Value, Addition, and Subtraction is one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Invest...igating Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    This unit begins with the story of Grandma Eudora's T-Shirt Factory. Grandma Eudora is part of the Masloppy family - a large, endearing family that finds it difficult to keep track of things. Everyone is forever losing, misplacing, and looking for things. One of the children, Nicholas, decides to sort, organize, and take inventory of things in the house, including Uncle Lloyd's T-shirts, which he arranges in rolls with rubber bands. One day as Uncle Lloyd is doing the laundry, Itchy, the family dog, knocks over a bottle of bleach. The result of this mishap is colorful tie-dyed T-shirts, which Grandma begins to sell in a highly successful business - Grandma Eudora's T-Shirt Factory.   The idea of the T-shirt factory is brought to the classroom as a simulation. Children work in groups (companies with factories) making and selling T-shirts and organizing their warehouses. The main focus of the unit is place value, regrouping, equivalence, and the recording of the inventory. Students keep track of inventory before and after shipping orders, as boxes and rolls in the warehouse are opened so that orders can be filled. Within the context of the need for pencil-and-paper recordings of transactions, the standard addition and subtraction algorithms are explored. The concept of place value is developed to three and four places during the simulation as children organize the warehouse: packing rolls of T-shirts (ten to a roll) in storage boxes that hold ten rolls and calculating the income from sales of T-shirts at $10 each. Students, playing the role of employees, keep accounting ledgers to record the sales of specific sizes and the total company inventory.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

FirstHand
$31.25 $25.78

Exploring Parks and Playgrounds: Multiplication and Division of Fractions is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathem...atics' Investigating Fractions, Decimals, and Percents (4 - 6)    The focus of this unit is the development of students' understanding of multiplication with rational numbers. The context of parks and playgrounds is used to introduce the double number line and the array models as helpful tools. Initially students are asked to explore the situation of two cousins running on a 26-mile course that winds through a park. They each ran half the course the previous year, and this year they complete 7/12 and 5/8 of the course, respectively. They know the exact portions they ran because of the course markers and water stations along the course. Students work to determine the number of miles that the cousins completed this year. In this first investigation, the distributive property and the use of landmark fractions (such as 1/2) provide a focus.   Next students work with the training data of a running club whose members train on a three-mile track in the park. This context is used to engage students in exploring the relationship between the operations of multiplication and division with rational numbers. Many students confuse these operations when working with fractions, so they are deliberately juxtaposed at the beginning of the unit as a way to prevent misconceptions from developing.   As the unit progresses into the second week, the context of designing a playground is used to support the development of specific mathematical ideas about the commutative property of multiplication with rational numbers, about the use of the word “of ” to denote multiplication, and about fractional parts in relation to a changing whole. Students explore the story of two different empty lots: a section of each lot will be used as a playground, and then part of each playground will be covered with blacktop to be used for games like basketball and kickball. Both lots are the same size, but the part allocated to be a playground and the part to be blacktopped differ for each. The students investigate the problem of determining whether one lot has more blacktop, exploring equivalent, but not necessarily, congruent areas. The playground context supports students' use of an array model for multiplication, and the focus shifts to the commutative and associative properties.   Several minilessons for multiplication of rational numbers are also included in the unit. These are structured using strings of related problems as a way to explicitly guide learners toward computational fluency.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

FirstHand
$31.25

Beads and Shoes, Making Twos: Extending Number Sense is one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating... Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    This unit begins with the context of walking in line - two lines of children holding hands. The context encourages children to explore doubles while also strengthening their understanding of one-to-one correspondence. As the unit progresses, children explore containers that could hold doubles (such as egg cartons, English muffin packages, and juice boxes). Then the context shifts to an examination of pairs of shoes for varying numbers of people. As children investigate these situations, they explore both pairing and doubling - for instance, how six pairs of shoes can also be seen as six right shoes plus six left shoes (six sets of two or two sets of six). Later children work with larger numbers and the terminology of odds and evens is introduced.   In the second week, the story Grandma's Necklaces is used to develop a context for several investigations related to patterns made with two colors. The first necklace (one blue/one green repeating) can only be made with an even number of objects, because the unit that repeats has two objects. The second necklace (five blue/five green repeating) and the third necklace (three blue/three green repeating) challenge children to see a group of objects doubled as the unit that repeats.   Minilessons in the unit are crafted to support the automatizing of doubles and their use in solving near doubles - for example, using 6 + 6 to solve 6 + 7, or 10 + 10 to solve 9 + 10. Quick images and the arithmetic rack are both used with strings of related problems. The unit also includes the Shoe Game. This game can be played throughout the year for further support in developing the use of doubles as an addition strategy.     To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

FirstHand
$85.00

Harnessing the power of poetry, Nancie Atwell's Naming the World: A Year of Poems and Lessons empowers adolescents to make sense o...f their personal place in the world while honing their critical reading and writing skills. Naming the World's 200+ poems and accompanying five-to-ten-minute lessons are used by Nancie every day to jumpstart her reading and writing workshops. Poetry is the foundation upon which her students build excellences as writers in every genre. This is your chance to make the first few minutes of your Language Arts class really count! The 200+ Poems: are compiled from contemporary poets were nominated by Nancie's students as their favorites speak to adolescent interests and issues include poems by Nancie's kids to teach and inspire yours. The 150 Lessons: are used daily by Nancie to jumpstart her reading-writing workshop apply a range of interactive and independent learning strategies present the language Nancie uses with her students. read more

FirstHand
$31.25

In The Big Dinner the preparation of a turkey dinner introduces early multiplication strategies and supports automatizing the fact...s, using the ratio table, and developing the distributive property with large numbers. Strings of problems guide learners toward computational fluency with whole-number multiplication and build automaticity with multiplication facts by focusing on relationships. read more

FirstHand
$31.25

Minilessons for Operations with Fractions is a yearlong resource guide in Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Fractio...ns, Decimals, and Percents (4-6) Minilessons for Operations with Fractions, Decimals, and Percents is a resource of approximately 75 minilessons that you can choose from throughout the year. In contrast to investigations, which constitute the heart of the math workshop, the minilesson is more guided and more explicit, designed to be used at the start of math workshop and to last for ten to fifteen minutes. Each day, no matter what other materials you are using, you might choose a minilesson from this resource to help your students develop efficient computation. You can also use minilessons with small groups of students as you differentiate instruction. The minilessons in this guide were designed to be used in grades 5-6. Each minilesson is crafted as a tightly structured series, or "string," of computation problems designed to encourage students to look to the numbers first, before they decide on a computation strategy. The strings are likely to generate discussion on certain strategies or big ideas underlying an understanding of operations with rational numbers. Although the emphasis is on the development of mental arithmetic strategies, this does not mean learners have to solve the problems in their heads-but it is important for them to do the problems with their heads! In other words, as you use this guide, encourage students to examine the numbers in each problem and think about clever, efficient ways to solve it. The relationships between the problems in the minilesson will support students as they progress through the string. Several models are employed that can be helpful for computation. Money and the clock enable students to work with landmark fractions easily. The double open number line allows for generalizable strategies such as the use of common denominators for addition and subtraction. The open array and the ratio table are used with multiplication and division throughout to represent student strategies. To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

FirstHand
$31.25 $25.78

Organizing and Collecting: The Number Systemis one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Number S...ense, Addition, and Subtraction (K-3) This unit begins with the story of the Masloppy family-an endearing, large family that finds it difficult to keep track of things. Everyone is forever losing, misplacing, and looking for things. One of the children, Nicholas, decides to sort, organize, and take inventory of things in the house. He counts and bundles materials and labels containers and baskets, and life in the Masloppy household is smoother thereafter. The idea of taking inventory is brought to the classroom, where children work to count and label baskets of supplies and materials. The discussion focuses on organizing in groups and skip counting, then specifically on groups of ten. The concept of place value is developed as the children pack objects into groups of ten and study patterns in the data. There are opportunities to deepen their understanding by packing in fives and playing games that focus on groups of ten, and there are minilessons that use the ten-frame as a visual model of five and ten. (The structure of the ten-frame is similar to that of the arithmetic rack, which is discussed in The Double-Decker Bus (previous unit).Both units use five and ten as landmark numbers: the arithmetic rack has four groups of five arranged in two rows of ten, the ten frame has two groups of five. The ten-frame is used in this unit because it resembles the context of packing more closely.) In the second week the inventory context is extended to include ordering more classroom supplies as a way to develop and support addition strategies, which include jumping to friendly numbers (multiples of ten) and jumping by ten. As children pack and count groups of items, they begin to unitize-to count groups and objects at the same time. Children develop an understanding of place value as they construct the idea that the number of packs and loose items is related to the total number of objects and that the numbers change when items are added to make full packs or when a pack of ten is added. The game Collecting Stamps and its variations are included in this unit. These can be played throughout the year as a way for children to develop place value and addition strategies. The game and its variations extend composing and decomposing strategies while promoting understanding of equivalence-for example, representing 26 + 8 as equal to 26 + 4 + 4. To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

FirstHand
$71.88

"We turn information into knowledge by thinking about it. These texts support students in using the Toolkit's comprehension and th...inking strategies as tools to acquire and actively use knowledge in history." -Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis To support cross-curricular strategy instruction and close reading for information, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have expanded their Toolkit Texts series to include a library of short nonfiction for American history with 10 all-new Toolkit lessons. Building on selections from popular children's magazines as well as original articles, these engaging, age-appropriate texts will keep your active literacy classroom awash in historical resources that depict the controversies, issues, and dramas that shaped historical events, including the exploits of lesser-known individuals. These short nonfiction texts for American history include: 10 comprehension strategy lessons for close reading in content literacy. Short nonfiction articles on a wide range of topics and at a variety of reading levels. ( 45 articles in Colonial Times and 52 articles in The American Revolution and Constitution ) A bank of historical images, primary source documents and artifacts, plus primary source documents and artifacts bibliographies, web sites, and ideas for online investigations. A Digital Companion Resource provides all of the texts, primary source documents, and the image bank in a full-color digital format so you can display them for group analysis. Lesson Title 1 Read and Annotate: Stop, think, and react using a variety of strategies to understand 2 Annotate Images: Expand understanding and learning from visuals 3 Build Background to Understand a Primary Source: Read and paraphrase secondary sources to create a context for a topic 4 Read and Analyze a Primary Source: Focus on what you know and ask questions to clarify and explain 5 Compare Perspectives: Explore the different life experiences of historical figures 6 Read Critically: Consider point of view and bias 7 Organize Historical Thinking: Create a question web 8 Read with a Question in Mind: Focus on central ideas 9 Surface Common Themes: Infer the big ideas across several texts 10 Synthesize Information to Argue a Point: Use claim, evidence, and reasoning The CCSS and other state standards expect that children will read a variety of texts on a common topic and synthesize the ideas and information. These short nonfiction texts were selected using the following criteria: Interest/Content Because kids love the quirky and the unexpected, these texts highlight important but often lesser-known or unrecognized perspectives and voices from the past. Visual literacy Since visual literacy is an essential 21st-century skill, these texts include historical images, paintings, and maps, as well as diagrams, timelines, charts, and photographs. Writing quality and accuracy To foster student engagement, these articles feature vibrant language in an active voice supported by a rich assortment of visual features. Reading level/complexity These texts are written at a range of reading levels and include a wide variety of topics to capture the interests of all readers. read more

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Best Buys, Ratios, and Rates: Addition and Subtraction of Fractions is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics'... Investigating Fractions, Decimals, and Percents (4 - 6)    The focus of this unit is the development of equivalence of fractions, proportional reasoning, and rates. It begins with a comparison of the cost of cat food at two stores: Bob's Best Buys where it is on sale, $15 for 12 cans, and Maria's Pet Emporium where it is on sale, $23 for 20 cans. Several important ideas and representations develop as students explore this problem, among them finding ways to determine the cost of a common numbers of cans for comparison and the use of the ratio table to represent their proportional reasoning about the context. The development of the ratio table is further supported in the next investigation as students work to determine the cost of several different amounts of bird seed sold by weight. As the unit progresses, proportional reasoning is once again the focus as students develop recipes for a variety of containers, using the recipe of Maria's gourmet puppy snack mix.   In the second week the double number is introduced for computation as students investigate the readings on a farm truck's gas tank over the course of trips to several neighboring farms to pick up produce. A trip across the Pennsylvania Turnpike is also explored.   This unit also includes several minilessons for addition and subtraction of fractions. Strings of related problems are used initially using money and clock models. Double number lines are introduced later in the unit to enable students to develop generalizable, strategies for addition and subtraction. This model supports students to choose a common multiple (or factor) to work with as well as further opportunities to explore equivalent fractions.   Note: The context for this unit assumes that your students have had prior experience with fractions and their relationship to division with whole numbers. If this is not the case, you might find it helpful to first use the units Field Trips and Fund-Raisers.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Measuring for the Art Show: Addition on the Open Number Line and Subtractionis one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mat...hematics' Investigating Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K-3) The focus of this unit is the development of the open number line model within the context of measurement. As the unit progresses, the number line is used as a model for double-digit addition strategies. The unit begins with the story of a teacher who has offered to organize an art show of children's work as a school fund-raiser. The children have produced beautiful pieces of art and the teacher and several children set out to make signs to hang underneath each piece, listing the title of the piece, the artist's name, and the price. They want to measure each art piece very carefully so that the sign will be exactly the same length as the piece of art. But this huge pile of work is daunting. Thankfully, the students soon figure out a solution. They sort the art by size, measure each size, and make a blueprint-a pattern strip-that will be used for cutting all the signs. The story sets the context for a series of investigations in this unit. Children measure various sizes of art paper with connecting cubes and then place the measurements onto a long strip of adding machine paper, to be used as a blueprint or pattern for cutting the signs. As the unit progresses, lengths of fives and tens are introduced in place of the cubes and the blueprint is progressively developed into an open number line-a helpful model used as a tool to explore and represent strategies for double-digit addition. In contrast to a number line with counting numbers written below, an "open" number line is just an empty line used to record children's addition (and later subtraction) strategies. Only the numbers children use are recorded and the addition is recorded as leaps or jumps. For example, if a child's strategy for adding 18 + 79 is to keep 79 whole and decompose the 18 into smaller pieces, moving to a landmark number of 80 (79 + 1 + 10 + 7), it would be recorded on the open number line. Such representations help children move beyond tedious strategies like counting one by one to strategies such as taking leaps of ten, splitting, and using landmark numbers. Several minilessons for addition are also included in the unit. These are structured as strings of related problems designed to guide learners more explicitly toward computational fluency with double-digit addition. The unit culminates with an art show. Thus, as you progress through the unit, you may find it helpful to work with the art teacher in your school to collect pieces of student artwork. To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

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Muffle's Truffles: Multiplication and Division with the Array is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Inves...tigating Multiplication and Division (3 - 5)    The focus of this unit is the development of the open array as a model for multiplication and division. This unit uses a series of investigations based on the context of Muffles' Truffles shop. The questions posed in the first investigation (how many boxes of ten can be made with a given quantity of truffles; how many leftovers will there be from a given quantity and how can they be combined to make assortment boxes; and what is the cost of a given quantity of truffles if they cost $1 each) give students an opportunity to explore place value - the multiplicative structure of our base-ten system and quotative division. In the second and third investigations, students build two-dimensional blueprints of one-layer boxes and use these arrays to explore some of the big ideas in multiplication (the distributive, associative, and commutative properties). In the fourth and final investigation, students work with open arrays in the context of labeling and pricing wrapped boxes of truffles. To figure out the dimensions of the wrapped boxes (or open arrays) and the cost, students need to apply a number of big ideas previously developed in this unit.   There are three different kinds of minilessons for multiplication included in the unit as well: counting around the circle, strings of related problems, and quick images. The count-around is used to support the development of place value as it relates to multiplication. The strings of related problems are explicitly designed to guide learners toward computational fluency with whole number multiplication and to build automaticity with multiplication facts by focusing on relationships. The quick images use 2 x 5 and 1 x 5 arrays as units to build larger arrays. In the last days of the unit, more complex minilessons (double-digit multiplication problems) generate a wider range of student strategies that can be explored (and modeled) with the open array.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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"The rich, open investigations we've developed allow children to engage in mathematizing in a variety of ways. We honor children's... initial attempts at structuring and modeling their world mathematically, while at the same time supporting and challenging them to ensure that important big ideas and strategies are being developed progressively." -Catherine Twomey Fosnot Learn how to establish a vibrant, collaborative math workshop for primary students and how Catherine Fosnot and her colleagues introduce students to place value patterns and develop efficient addition strategies. Through 2 foundational books-Investigating Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction: Overview and Organizing and Collecting: The Number System-and nine online video clips, Cathy and her colleagues provide the strategies, lesson plans, and tools you'll need to transform your classroom into a community of young mathematicians. In the Overviewbook Cathy provides the professional understandings needed to establish a vibrant math workshop. After chronicling the motivations and ideals that inspire her work, Cathy describes how to help students construct the big ideas, strategies, and models that shape the landscape of learning. Ensuing sections describe the architecture of an investigation and explain how the predictability of this framework fosters independence and collaboration. In addition to describing the management systems that make these investigations rigorous and responsive, Cathy suggests ways to sequence instruction and highlight how units can be used to enhance your existing curriculum. Like the other units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics series, Organizing and Collecting provides a two-week sequence of investigations, minilessons, games, and other contexts for learning. In this unit the hopelessly disorganized Masloppy family's efforts to inventory their possessions create a context for investigating place value patterns and efficient ways to count with five- and ten-structures. As the unit progresses, children develop place value and addition strategies. The nine accompanying video clips include live from-the-classroom video footage of the unit in action and narrated slide shows that describe the ideals that shape the math workshop and the thinking behind the Contexts for Learning Mathematics series. (Video clips are free for 6 months upon registration. You must register within 6 months of purchase.) Learn more about these resources and the series at www.contextsforlearning.com. This pack is part of firsthand's Getting Started series. Bridging the gap between educational theory and practice, firsthand classroom materials model the carefully crafted techniques and language of master teachers in ways that help teachers refine their practice and reinvent their own teaching. The most comprehensive of these resources span more than a year of instruction. Firsthand's Getting Started Packs were created for teachers in training and professional book study groups who want a compact, affordable way to study and tryout these transformative classroom materials. Each Getting Started Pack includes an overview book, a complete unit of study, online video clips provided free of charge for 6 months, and an accompanying study guide. Getting Started packs include: Launch a Primary Writing Workshop, Grades K-2; Launch an Intermediate Writing Workshop, Grades 3-5; Launch an Intermediate Reading Workshop, Grades 3-5; Introduce the Qualities of Writing, Grades 3-6; Monitor Comprehension with Primary Students, Grades K-2; Monitor Comprehension with Intermediate Students, Grades 3-6; Investigate the Number System, Grades K-3; Investigate Multiplication, Grades 3-5; Investigate Fractions, Grades 4-6. read more

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"Our goal is to support and develop your professional skill as you make continual decisions about what and how to teach. It's our ...hope that TQW will make your classroom hum with writing!" JoAnn Portalupi and Ralph Fletcher Learn how to improve your students' writing and how JoAnn Portalupi and Ralph Fletcher introduce students to the qualities of writing-ideas, design, language, presentation-and the power of their own voice. Through a practical Teacher's Guide, thirteen launch lessons, and eleven online video clips, JoAnn and Ralph introduce you to the strategies students need to improve the quality of their writing and at the same time develops your ability to read and assess your students' writing. Through their concise Teacher's Guide JoAnn and Ralph introduce the four qualities of writing and describes the role of voice in effective writing; offer strategies for choosing lessons based on genre cycles or on student and teacher needs and interests; and provide a broad array of assessment and record-keeping forms. Thirteen select launch lessons introduce you and your students to writing and help create the sense of community necessary to nurture their growth. This launch cycle offers students a chance to begin working within each of the four qualities while stressing the more important goal of developing in them an eagerness to keep writing. By the end of this six-week cycle, your students will have a notion of how writers find topics and will have taken several of their own pieces to final form. If you've built in time for sharing, they will understand the value of giving and receiving response. They are now ready for new challenges-information and strategies that will help them improve the quality of their writing. Through eleven accompanying video clips, JoAnn and Ralph provide practical advice on how to organize and teach with TQW. Plus, an innovative electronic presentation allows you to listen in and observe the authors as the analyze eight student writing samples. (Video clips are free for 6 months upon registration. You must register within 6 months of purchase.) Learn more about these resources at www.teachingthequalitiesofwriting.com. This pack is part of firsthand's Getting Started series. Bridging the gap between educational theory and practice, firsthand classroom materials model the carefully crafted techniques and language of master teachers in ways that help teachers refine their practice and reinvent their own teaching. The most comprehensive of these resources span more than a year of instruction. Firsthand's Getting Started Packs were created for teachers in training and professional book study groups who want a compact, affordable way to study and tryout these transformative classroom materials. Each Getting Started Pack includes an overview book, a complete unit of study, online video clips provided free of charge for 6 months, and an accompanying study guide. Getting Started packs include: Launch a Primary Writing Workshop, Grades K-2; Launch an Intermediate Writing Workshop, Grades 3-5; Launch an Intermediate Reading Workshop, Grades 3-5; Introduce the Qualities of Writing, Grades 3-6; Monitor Comprehension with Primary Students, Grades K-2; Monitor Comprehension with Intermediate Students, Grades 3-6; Investigate the Number System, Grades K-3; Investigate Multiplication, Grades 3-5; Investigate Fractions, Grades 4-6. read more

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"Informational writing is the perfect genre for second graders because nobody is more curious about the workings of the world and ...is more eager to tell you a zillion facts about the topic at hand." Marika Paez Wiesen Informational writing taps into second graders natural inclination to explore and excitedly share the new and strange discoveries that fill their worlds on a daily basis. Marika Paez Wiesen offers a framework that will help you harness this energy and implement an informational writing unit of study that thoughtfully addresses the wide range of learners typically found in a second grade classroom. Addressing the heightened emphasis on reading and writing informational texts in the Common Core State Standards and on state tests, this unit of study guides you through the entire writing process. After considering how to plan and prepare an informational writing unit that builds on young writers? passions, interests, and abilities, Marika describes how to get started choosing topics, planning a draft, and beginning to write chapters. Ensuing chapters explore ways to elaborate on and revise these chapters with an eye towards addressing conventions and using features common to nonfiction texts. The final chapter offers ideas on how best to celebrate this writing and extend this learning across the curriculum. A Quick Guide to Teaching Informational Writing, Grade 2 is part of the Workshop Help Desk series. About the Workshop Help Desk series The Workshop Help Desk series is designed for teachers who believe in workshop teaching and who have already rolled up their sleeves enough to have encountered the predictable challenges. If you've struggled to get around quickly enough to help all your students, if you've wondered how to tweak your teaching to make it more effective and lasting, if you've needed to adapt your teaching for English learners, if you've struggled to teach grammar or nonfiction writing or test prep...if you've faced these and other specific, pressing challenges, then this series is for you. Provided in a compact 5" x 7" format, the Workshop Help Desk series offers pocket-sized professional development. For a comprehensive overview of the Units of Study for Teaching Writing series, including sample minilessons, sample videos, overview presentations, frequently asked questions, and information on the companion principal's guide and the Workshop Help Desk series visit unitsofstudy.com. read more

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"A Principal's Guide to Leadership in the Teaching of Writing will keep you company during the hard work of leading school reform ...in teaching writing. It will bring you inside a community of practice comprised of scores of principals who have also thought, 'How can I provide my teachers with the support they deserve in teaching writing?' This book will allow you to stand on the shoulders of others who have tackled the challenge of supporting whole school reform in writing." Lucy Calkins & Laurie Pessah Schoolwide reform in writing involves all members of the school community. This resource is for the leader in that reform effort. Organized around the school calendar, A Principal's Guide to Leadership in the Teaching of Writing will help you work strategically throughout the school year researching, imagining, problem solving, building infrastructure, and developing leaders. The accompanying DVD welcomes you into a community of practice where you can learn from other principals who have engaged in the beautiful, difficult, exhilarating work of supporting schoolwide reform in the teaching of writing. This Principal's Guide is a companion to theUnits of Study for Teaching Writing series. For a comprehensive overview of the Units of Study for Teaching Writing series, including sample minilessons, sample videos, curricular calendars, overview presentations, frequently asked questions, and information on the companion principal's guide and the Workshop Help Desk series visit unitsofstudy.com. read more

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Bunk Beds and Apple Boxes: Early Number Senseis one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Number ...Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K-3) This unit begins with the story of a pajama party-a sleepover during which eight children play, moving up and down bunk beds, teasing the babysitter who imagines she is losing and then gaining children! The unit introduces the arithmetic rack as a powerful model and tool to act out the story. The arithmetic rack is a calculating frame consisting of two rows of ten beads with two sets of fives in each row. (Instructions for creating or buying your own arithmetic racks are included.) The five-structure of this apparatus supports the development of part-whole relations in early number sense. Since five is an amount that can often be perceived as a whole, it can be used to support understanding 6 as 5 + 1, or 4 as 5 - 1. It also supports the strategies of doubles and near doubles, 6 + 7 = 6 + 6 + 1, and making tens, 9 + 6 = 10 + 5. In this unit, children move the beads on the arithmetic rack to illustrate and develop an understanding that eight can be named in many ways, for example as 7 + 1, 5 + 3, or 4 + 4. The unit also includes the game Up and Down the Ladder, and employs the use of quick images (a series of related problems flashed only for seconds) to further develop early number sense. As the unit progresses, the context shifts to an exploration of apple boxes. Children investigate the number of unique combinations for five apples of two kinds, green and red, and record the combinations for a grocer who is confused about how many arrangements there can be. In contrast to the bunk beds investigation in which children can easily imagine someone going up and down the ladder, now they must exchange. That is, instead of moving a counter to another group, the counter must be removed and replaced. This action is more difficult. The recording sheet for the grocer is designed in such a way that a staircase pattern emerges as one red apple is traded for a green apple each time. Boxes holding various numbers of apples (such as six, seven, eight, nine, and ten) are then explored to examine if the staircase pattern will always occur. Data are also collected on the number of possible arrangements for each box: a box of six apples has five possible arrangements; a box of seven has six arrangements; a box of ten has nine arrangements. This supports the development of a systematic way of producing all the possible arrangements and produces another inquiry: Can we predict the number of arrangements if we know the size of the box? The unit ends with the Part-Whole Bingo game. This game can be played throughout the year as a way for children to extend composing and decomposing strategies as they establish equivalence, for example representing 7 as 5 + 2 or as 3 + 4, or even as 2 + 2 + 2 + 1. To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

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Children are natural poets. They speak poetry all day long. They say wonderful poetic gems that surprise and delight us and help u...s look at the world in a new way. In Climb Inside a Poem: Reading and Writing Poetry Across the Year, Georgia Heard and Lester Laminack tap into this natural inclination and demonstrate how reading and writing poetry can also support and extend young children's language and literacy development. Through an anthology of original children's poems and related lessons, Georgia and Lester describe how to weave poetry into the fabric of a school day by reading a variety of poems for a variety of purposes. Building on these experiences, children then engage in a formal unit of study on writing poetry. Climb Inside a Poem has three components. The poetry anthology, Climb Inside a Poem: Original Poems for Children, uses the writings of contemporary children's poets, whimsical illustrations, and an expansive big book format (14"x18") to create a 36-page poetry playground. Lessons for Climb Inside a Poem provides a five-day sequence of lessons for each poem in the anthology. Through repeated readings and by accessing the poems from multiple perspectives, these lessons model how poetry can be used to support basic concepts in print, develop word awareness, expand reading and writing fluency, and help children write with feeling and voice. Reading and Writing Poetry Across the Year takes a broad view of poetry and considers how poems can be used to reinforce and extend a literacy curriculum. Organized into three separate sections, the minilessons in this guide offer tips for outfitting and organizing classrooms where poetry can flourish; highlight a variety of reading strategies that immerse children in the words and music of poetry; and present a complete unit of study for writing poetry. read more

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The Double Decker Bus: Early Addition and Subtractionis one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating... Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K-3) This unit begins with the story of a double-decker bus-a bus that has two decks with ten seats on each. Five seats on each deck are red and five seats are white. The bus goes by quickly and the little girl in the story, sitting at her bedroom window and watching, works out ways to use the colors of the seats to calculate quickly how many people are on the bus. Her father drives a double-decker bus and she helps him figure out a way to know how many empty seats there are on the top deck even though he can't see them. The unit introduces the arithmetic rack as a powerful model and tool to act out the story. The arithmetic rack is a calculating frame consisting of two rows of ten beads-two sets of five (one red and one white) in each row. (Instructions for creating or buying your own arithmetic racks are included.) Cognitive psychologists, such as Susan Carey and Stanislas Dehaene (1999), have shown that even toddlers can recognize small amounts, such as two or three, as a unit and that this ability (known as "subitizing") is probably innate. Children can even do addition and subtraction with amounts of this size because they use this innate perceptual ability to see that three is one more than two. Using the arithmetic rack allows kindergarteners and first graders to build on their natural ability and see five as a unit. When five can be subitized as a whole, it can be used to support understanding of 6 as 5 + 1, 8 as 5 + 3, or 4 as 5 - 1. The arithmetic rack also supports the strategies of doubles and near doubles, 6 + 7 = 6 + 6 + 1, and making tens, 9 + 6 = 10 + 5. In this unit, children move the beads on the arithmetic rack to represent passengers going from one deck on the bus to the other, and sitting in various combinations in the red and white seats. This context supports the development of the understanding that numbers can be named in many ways, for example 10 as 6 + 4, 7 + 3, or 5 + 5. The unit also includes minilessons with quick images, and strings of related addition and subtraction problems solved with the arithmetic rack to help automatize the basic facts. Several games-Passenger Pairs, Rack Pairs, and Passenger Combos-are also included in this unit. They can be played throughout the year as a way for children to extend composing and decomposing strategies as they establish equivalence-for example, representing 7 as 5 + 2, 3 + 4, or 1 + 6 (Treffers, 1991). To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

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Ages and Timelines: Subtraction on the Open Number Line is one of eight units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigat...ing Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    This unit begins with the story of Carlos, an eight-year-old boy who is fascinated by his great-grandfather's thick, beautiful silver hair. His great-grandfather lives in Puerto Rico and Carlos is preparing to meet him for the first time. Having only seen photos of him as a much younger man, Carlos wonders how old his great-grandfather is and how many years it will take before he might have hair like that, too. As Carlos begins to investigate these questions, his whole family becomes involved in exploring age differences and figuring out how old they each were when Carlos was born. When Carlos shares his investigation with his teacher, the whole school gets involved in the project.   This story context sets the stage for a series of investigations in this unit. Children interview their family members and compare age differences. Timelines are introduced as a context for using the open number line - a helpful model used as a tool to explore and represent strategies for addition and subtraction. This unit will focus on the open number line as a model for subtraction.   In contrast to a number line with counting numbers written below, an “open” number line is just an empty line used to record children's addition and subtraction strategies. Only the numbers that children use are recorded and the addition and subtraction are recorded as leaps or jumps. For example, if a child's strategy for adding 8 + 79 is 79 + 1 + 7, using a landmark number of 80, it would be recorded on the open number line   The recording would be similar if a child solves 87 - 8 by first removing 7 and then 1.Modeling children's thinking on the open number line helps them move beyond counting one by one for addition and subtraction, to strategies such as taking leaps of ten, decomposing, and/or using landmark numbers. Use of the open number line also encourages discussion of the relationship between addition and subtraction and of the relationship between various problems in which the operation of subtraction can be employed - such as removal, comparative difference, and finding a missing addend.   As the unit progresses, timelines are used to record years of birth, rather than ages. This change in context challenges learners to grapple with larger numbers and with the changing places of the part-whole relations of numbers on the number line. For example, first the number 79 may be marked on the number line as 8 less than 87; then it may be the difference between 2005 and 1926. Several minilessons for subtraction are also included in the unit. These are structured using strings of related problems as a way to guide learners more explicitly toward computational fluency with subtraction.   Note: It is expected that children will have had substantial experience with number lines prior to this unit. If this is not the case, you might want to take a look at the unit Measuring for the Art Show, to see how the number line model can be developed.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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The Mystery of the Meters: Decimals is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Fractions, Decima...ls, and Percents (4 - 6)    This unit begins with the story of Zig - who discovers five mysterious dials on the side of his house. The dials are part of the electric meter for his house. At first Zig does not know this and he sets out to investigate how the dials work. As he collects data (readings every ten minutes), he notices that the hands on the dials turn in relation to each other (since each dial represents a different power of ten). Using Zig's data, students investigate how the dials are related. As the unit progresses, students use readings from the meter to measure energy to the thousandth of a kilowatt-hour to calculate the amount of energy used during a specific time period, and to determine readings on missing or obscured dials, working with place value equivalents.   The unit focus is on decimals, and since the electric meter in this unit represents kilowatt-hours to the thousandths, it can be used as a model to represent decimals. Because students can see how the numbers expressed as decimals increase with time, the meter is a powerful tool for students to use to determine equivalents and to examine how decimals increase and are ordered.   The electric meter consists of five circular dials numbered zero through nine that are lined up in place value order. As the hand on each dial makes a complete revolution, the number indicated on the dial to its left increases by one (one-tenth of a revolution.) This model was chosen because the position of the dials supports understanding of place value with decimals in tenths, hundredths, and thousandths. In examining how the hands on the dials move as the values increase, students may have opportunities to confront basic cognitive obstacles in making sense of decimal representations. These dials advance in the same way that the mechanical odometers of old cars worked, so exploring this mechanism provides an experience that students don't get these days due to the use of electronic digital odometers.   The electric meter used in this unit measures thousandths of a kilowatt-hour (or watt-hours), while the meters in most homes measure kilowatt-hours. This change was made to enable students to interpret the action of the meter in operating everyday electric devices, such as a refrigerator, light bulb, or television. When students go home and look at their meters, they may discover this as well as other similarities and differences. You can explain that in the story the meter is different, and you can invite students to think about the relationship of the problems in this unit to the meter they have at home.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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The Box Factory: Extending Multiplication with the Array is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigat...ing Multiplication and Division (3 - 5)    The focus of this unit is the deepening and extending of students' understanding of multiplication, specifically the associative and commutative properties and their use with computation, systematic factoring, and the extension of students' understanding of two-dimensional rectangular arrays to three-dimensional arrays within rectangular prisms.   The unit includes a series of investigations based on the context of a cardboard box factory. Initially students design a variety of boxes (rectangular prisms) that hold 24 items arranged in rows, columns, and layers. The questions posed in the first investigation (how many box arrangements are possible, and how do we know for certain that we have found all the possibilities) give students an opportunity to explore the associative and commutative properties, factor pairs, doubling and halving strategies, and systematic ways of organizing their work to determine all possible cases. In the second and third investigations, students analyze the amount and cost of the cardboard needed for their boxes, deepening their understanding of the associative property, examining congruency vs. equivalency, and exploring the relationship of surface area to the shape of the box. Subsequent investigations involve using two different cubic boxes as units of measurement, and determining the volume of a shipping box that measures 4 feet by 6 feet by 4 feet. By the end of the unit, formulas for surface area and volume of rectangular prisms are the focus.   Several minilessons for multiplication are included in the unit as well - these are structures as strings of related problems explicitly designed to guide learners toward computational fluency with whole-number multiplication, by focusing on factors and efficient grouping.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Minilessons for Extending Multiplication and Division is one of two yearlong resource guides in Contexts for Learning Mathematics'... Investigating Multiplication and Division (3 - 5)    Minilessons for Extending Multiplication and Division can be helpful in grades 4 - 5 as students work with multiplication and division beyond the basic facts. This guide contains 77 minilessons structured as strings of related computation problems. They are likely to generate discussion of certain strategies or big ideas that are landmarks on the landscape of learning for multiplication and division, particularly using numbers with two and three digits.   Although the emphasis is on the development of mental arithmetic strategies, this does not mean learners have to solve the problems in their heads - but it is important for them to do the problems with their heads! In other words, as you use this guide, encourage students to examine the numbers in each problem and think about clever, efficient ways to solve it. The relationships between the problems in the minilesson will support students as they progress through the string. The open array is used throughout to represent student strategies.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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"These articles lend themselves to active reading, giving kids a great place to annotate and work out their thinking as they read...." --Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis In response to the overwhelming demand for more high-quality, age-appropriate nonfiction texts, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have developed the four-volume series Toolkit Texts: Short Nonfiction for Guided and Independent Practice. Each volume provides a library of age-appropriate nonfiction articles in a reproducible format. Personally selected and edited by Harvey and Goudvis, each article is matched to the strategies described in Toolkit series. The articles in each volume: focus on high-interest topics that help build strong readers while also building background knowledge in numerous content areas give students an opportunity to read and process the kinds of passages typically found on state tests present information in a range of formats typical of nonfiction texts including time lines, sidebars, interviews, and maps and diagrams are supported by teaching strategies that describe how to integrate the articles into your Toolkit instruction. Plus, the accompanying CD-ROM provides all of the informational texts in English and Spanish. Select the volumes that will best address your students needs. Toolkit Texts, Gr. K-1 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 2-3 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 4-5 Toolkit Texts, Gr. 6-7 Save when you order the entire PreK-7 Toolkit Texts Library for one low price. For a comprehensive overview of the Comprehension Toolkit series including sample lessons, a new Summer School Literacy Guide, free nonfiction short texts in Spanish (K-2), lists of alternative texts, teacher feedback , and presentation materials visit http://www.comprehensiontoolkit.com read more

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Minilessons for Early Multiplication and Division is one of two yearlong resource guides in Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Inv...estigating Multiplication and Division (3-5) Minilessons for Early Multiplication and Division is a resource of 75 minilessons that you can choose from throughout the year. In contrast to investigations, which constitute the heart of the math workshop, the minilesson is more guided and more explicit, designed to be used at the start of math workshop and to last for ten to fifteen minutes. Each day, no matter what other materials you are using, you might choose a minilesson from this resource to provide your students with experiences to develop efficient computation. You can also use them with small groups of students as you differentiate instruction. The minilessons in this guide were designed to be used in grades 3-4. Some of the minilessons use pictures of realistic situations, carefully crafted to support the development of specific strategies that can be helpful in automatizing the facts. Others make use of quick images with ten-frames and arrays. Flashed for only a few seconds, the images encourage children to give up trying to count each item and instead to use five-times and tentimes as helpful partial products. Other minilessons are crafted as a tightly structured series, or "string," of computation problems designed to encourage children to look to the numbers first, before they decide on a computation strategy. The strings are likely to generate discussion on certain strategies or big ideas underlying an understanding of early multiplication and division. To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com read more

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The Teachers' Lounge: Place Value and Division is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Multip...lication and Division (3 - 5)    The focus of this unit is division. It begins with the story of a teacher noticing a service person in the teachers' lounge fill two different vending machines with beverages. In the first machine, there are bottles of water only. The machine holds 156 bottles of water when full and the teacher wonders how many six-packs that might be. The second problem involves the juice machine. It also holds 156 bottles when full, but the bottles are partitioned into six columns because there are six different flavors of juice. The teacher wonders how many there are of each flavor.   Although most students do not realize it at the start, the two problems are related. The first problem is a quotative division situation - the amount in each group is known, the number of groups is not. The second problem is a partitive division situation - the number of groups is known, the amount in each group is not. The problems are juxtaposed and given together to encourage students to examine the relationship between the two kinds of division.   This story context of the teachers' lounge sets the stage for a series of investigations designed to support the development of a repertoire of strategies for multiplication and division, including the use of: • the ten-times strategy • partial products and partial quotients • the associative property • the distributive property of multiplication over addition - the basis for the long division algorithm   Several minilessons for multiplication and division are also included in the unit. These are structured as strings of related problems designed to more explicitly guide learners toward computational fluency. Toward the end of the unit, discussion shifts to how the context of a division problem influences what to do with the remainder.   Note: The context for this unit assumes that your students will have had prior experience using arrays for multiplication. If this is not the case, you might find it helpful to use the unit Muffle's Truffles first.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Field Trips and Fund-Raisers: Introducing Fractions is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating F...ractions, Decimals, and Percents (4 - 6)    The focus of this unit is the development of fractions. It begins with the story of a class field trip. The class is split into four groups and each group is given submarine sandwiches to share for lunch. Upon returning from their trip, the students quarrel over whether some received more to eat than others.   Note: This unit begins with the fair sharing of submarine sandwiches on a field trip. This context was field-tested by the Freudenthal Institute and the University of Wisconsin, under the direction of Thomas Romberg and Jan de Lange, in preparation for the writing of Mathematics in Context: Some of the Parts (van Galen, Wijers, Burrill, and Spence 1997) and it has been researched and written about extensively as it is used in this unit by Fosnot and Dolk (2002).   This story sets the stage for a series of investigations. First, students investigate whether the situation in the story was fair - was the quarreling justified? - thereby exploring the connection between division and fractions, as well as ways to compare fractional amounts. As the unit progresses, students explore other cases to determine fair sharing and then make a ratio table to ensure fair sharing during their future field trips. They also design a 60k bike course for a fund-raiser, a context that introduces a bar model for fractions and provides students with another opportunity to explore equivalent fractions.   Several minilessons for division of whole numbers using simplified equivalents are also included in the unit. These are structured using strings of related problems as a way to more explicitly guide learners toward computational fluency with whole number division and to build a connection to equivalent fractions.   Note: The context for this unit assumes that your students have had prior experience with arrays for multiplication and division, as well as partitive and quotative division with whole numbers. If this is not the case, you might find it helpful to first use The Teachers' Lounge and Minilessons Throughout the Year: Multiplication and Division from Investigations in Multiplication and Division: Grades 3 - 5.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Middle schoolers can be the masters of disengagement. Recognizing that all students, adept and struggling writers alike, lose stea...m at times and need a revitalizing jump start, Christopher Lehman offers effective, developmentally-appropriate fixes for addressing situations that frequently sidetrack or distract adolescent writers. Organized as a practical on-the-go teaching reference, the first four chapters offer strategies for counteracting commonplace situations that can regularly spring up and disengage middle school writers such as: writers who seem to have an almost "allergic" reaction to the writing process writers who "cannot possibly find anything to write about" writers who "talk, talk, talk the writing time away" writers who need constant approval before moving on. The final chapter offers an inquiry-based study guide that supports teachers in collaborating on and customizing strategies for reviving the disengaged writers in their learning communities. A Quick Guide to Reviving Disengaged Writers is part of the Workshop Help Desk series. About the Workshop Help Desk series The Workshop Help Desk series is designed for teachers who believe in workshop teaching and who have already rolled up their sleeves enough to have encountered the predictable challenges. If you've struggled to get around quickly enough to help all your students, if you've wondered how to tweak your teaching to make it more effective and lasting, if you've needed to adapt your teaching for English learners, if you've struggled to teach grammar or nonfiction writing or test prep...if you've faced these and other specific, pressing challenges, then this series is for you. Provided in a compact 5" x 7" format, the Workshop Help Desk series offers pocket-sized professional development. For a comprehensive overview of the Units of Study for Teaching Writing series, including sample minilessons, sample videos, overview presentations, frequently asked questions, and information on the companion principal's guide and the Workshop Help Desk series visit unitsofstudy.com. read more

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The California Frog-Jumping Contest: Algebra is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Investigating Fraction...s, Decimals, and Percents (4 - 6)    This unit uses the context of the famous short story by Mark Twain - The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County - to develop equivalence and its use in solving algebraic problems. The context of a frog jumping along a track is used to foster number line representations in which students solve for an unknown amount, which is usually the length of a frog jump. Equivalent sequences of jumps are represented naturally on a double number line by having them start and end at the same location, with one expression shown on top of the line and the other shown underneath the line. The representation can then be used as a tool for solving the problem.   The unit begins with a problem in which students find the length of a bullfrog's jump, knowing the full length of a sequence of his jumps and steps. This context leads to using the number line as a tool for solving problems with unknowns. Next, students must find various approaches for lining up six- or eight-foot benches for two jumping tracks of lengths 28 and 42 feet. Students utilize the equivalence 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 8 + 8 + 8 to change one possible solution into a second possible solution and use the number line to represent this equivalence. A similar problem about fences is used to develop a combination chart, which is a useful representation for determining net gain (or loss) after an exchange.   The second half of the unit includes more frog-jumping problems as the frogs plan for their Olympic Games. Now students further explore the use of variables to represent more complex situations and solve for unknown amounts. Here, students use the number line to represent jumps in the problems and can separate off equal amounts of unknown lengths to determine the lengths of unknown amounts. As the unit progresses, the questions require that students investigate equivalent lengths of different-sized jumps and work with these equivalences flexibly to solve problems.   The complexity of learning to symbolize has been the subject of extensive research. One study, summarized in Adding It Up (National Research Council 2001, 264), illustrates typical difficulties students may have. Known as the reversal error, it is illustrated by work on the following problem: At a certain university, there are six times as many students as professors. Using S for the number of students and P for the number of professors, write an equation that gives the relation between the number of students and the number of professors. A majority of students, ranging from first-year algebra students to college freshmen, wrote the equation 6S=P. Apparently they used 6 as an adjective and S as a noun, following the natural language in the problem. However, they needed to multiply the number of professors by 6 to find the number of students. The correct response is 6P=S. Because learning to write algebraic expressions is so difficult, we don't push symbolizing early in this unit. The representation of the number line is used to fix students' attention on the distinction between the lengths of jumps and the number of jumps. Once this is set, students can begin symbolizing in problems like this in a meaningful way. The unit ends with the students constructing more formal algebraic notation as they develop methods to simplify their earlier representations.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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"This staff development resource helps coaches and administrators maximize teacher effectiveness through collaborative and collegi...al staff development." Stephanie Harvey, Anne Goudvis, and Angela Butler Schroden Teachers matter. Effective comprehension instruction is more than a handful of reading strategies. As critical as these strategies are, Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis have long held that it is the teacher who makes the difference. Staff Development with The Comprehension Toolkits builds on this understanding in a unique collaboration with Angela Butler Schroden, the district reading specialist who helped implement The Comprehension Toolkit series across Hillsborough County, Florida, one of the largest school districts in the United States. Designed for literacy coaches, reading specialists, and administrators, this multimedia resource offers an insider's view of how Angela and others in her district supported teachers as they launched comprehension instruction and sustained active literacy practices. Framed around five coaching structures-workshops, study groups, demonstration teaching, co-teaching, and one-to-one coaching-each of the seven core chapters describes how to plan staff development around the foundational ideas and practices that shape Toolkit instruction. The accompanying CD-ROM provides all the tools you'll need to implement effective coaching sessions, including three customizable PowerPoint presentations. While providing a collaborative forum to explore the "whats and whys" of The Comprehension Toolkit, the professional development practices in this resource serve as analytical tools and frameworks for enhancing teaching craft. Learn more about the Comprehension Toolkit series at ComprehensionToolkit.com The Comprehension Toolkit series helps you teach nonfiction reading strategies in a variety of instructional settings. Whole-Group Instruction Grades K-2: The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Grades K-2: The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack) Grades 3-6: The Comprehension Toolkit Grades 3-6: The Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack) Small-Group Instruction Grades K-2: Small-Group Lessons for The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Grades 3-6: Small-Group Lessons for The Comprehension Toolkit Short Nonfiction for Guided Reading and Independent Practice Grades PreK-1: Toolkit Texts Grades 2-3: Toolkit Texts Grades 4-5: Toolkit Texts Grades 6-7: Toolkit Texts ELL Support Grades K-2: Scaffolding The Primary Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners Grades 3-5: Scaffolding The Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners Staff Development Staff Development with The Comprehension Toolkits Resources for PLCs Inquiry Circles in Elementary Classrooms DVD Inquiry Circles in Middle and High School Classrooms DVD Save with Teacher Packs The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack The Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack read more

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Minilessons for Early Addition and Subtraction is one of three yearlong resource guides in Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Inve...stigating Number Sense, Addition, and Subtraction (K - 3)    Minilessons for Early Addition and Subtraction is a resource of 78 minilessons that you can choose from throughout the year. In contrast to investigations, which constitute the heart of the math workshop, the minilesson is more guided and more explicit, designed to be used at the start of math workshop and to last ten to fifteen minutes. Each day, no matter what other materials you are using, you might choose a minilesson from this resource to provide your students with experiences to develop efficient computation. You can also use the minilessons with small groups of students as you differentiate instruction. The minilessons in this guide were designed to be used in grades 1 - 2. Some of the minilessons make use of quick images with pictures. We call these “billboards.” They are carefully designed pictures that support the development of important strategies for addition and subtraction by building in potentially realizable strategies or constraints. Flashed for only a few seconds, they encourage children to give up trying to count each item and instead to use their natural ability to subitize - to perceive small amounts (such as 2, 3, or 4) as units and use them. In this way, children are supported to count on, skip-count, use doubles, and make use of the five-structure. Other minilessons in this resource unit make use of the arithmetic rack. Still others use ten-frames and coins (such as dimes and quarters) to encourage children to recognize and use landmark numbers (tens and twenty-fives) as they calculate. No matter which tool is used - billboards, the arithmetic rack, ten-frames, or coins - each minilesson is crafted as a tightly structured series, or “string,” of computation problems designed to encourage children to look to the numbers first, before they decide on a computation strategy. The strings are likely to generate discussion of certain strategies or big ideas underlying an understanding of early number sense, addition, and subtraction.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Groceries, Stamps, nd Measuring Strips: Early Multiplication is one of five units in the Contexts for Learning Mathematics' Invest...igating Multiplication and Division (3 - 5)    The focus of this unit is the introduction and early development of multiplication. By making use of realistic contexts, the unit invites students to find ways to mathematize their lived worlds with grouping structures. The unit uses many contexts: inside the grocery store; postage stamps; city buildings, windows, and buses; tiled patios; a baker's trays; and sticker pages. Initially, formal multiplication notation is not the focus; efficient grouping is, as students are encouraged to make groups (and groups of groups) to find efficient ways to deal with repeated addition and determine totals.   The unit begins with the context of a grocery store. Students view an illustration of fruits and vegetables arranged in bins, stacked packages of paper towels, and six-packs of water bottles, among other items in a grocery store. Although the objects shown can be counted by ones, the arrangements naturally invite repeated addition, skip-counting, and doubling strategies as well as the language of grouping - for example, 8 groups of 6 is equivalent to 4 groups of 12 which is equivalent to 4 groups of 6 plus 4 groups of 6.   The stamp context used next eliminates objects that can be counted by ones. Now the value printed on the stamp is the focus. This context thus supports the development of unitizing by providing the value (e.g., seven cents) as a unit that can be counted. Providing the value also offers a built-in-constraint to counting by ones, and supports repeated addition and efficient grouping employing doubling, doubling and halving, and the addition of partial products. This context promotes a natural shift in students' language to “5 sevens” (5 seven-cent stamps).   Formal notation (the use of x to indicate multiplication) is introduced halfway through the unit with the context of measurement. Students view an illustration of a cityscape with high buildings, large windows, tall trees, and a school bus. A four-foot tall, eight-year-old boy, Antonio, is shown on the street; Antonio wonders how much taller everything is than he. Because his height is used for a unit of measurement, the natural language that evolves is “times, for example, “eight times the size of Antonio”. Formal notation is introduced to match the language - 8 x 4.   As the unit progresses, students make a set of measurement strips (for the multiplication tables) and explore the relationships between the products on them. In the last few days of the unit, the measurement strips are represented as number lines that students use to determine missing products from the expressions and products provided. Here the five- and ten-structures are emphasized, supporting students in using five-times to help with four-times and six-times, and ten-times to help with nine-times.   Several minilessons are also included in this unit. Quick images, count-around-the-circle activities, and pictures with built-in constraints support the construction of efficient strategies - strategies that over time will help students automatize the basic facts.   Note: This unit also incorporates aspects of the measurement strand as students measure the height of various objects in the illustration of the city. They use the height of Antonio as an iterated unit, and make measurement strips for the lengths of various groups of connecting cubes.   To learn more visit http://www.contextsforlearning.com     read more

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Supporting dreams of fabulous escape and transformation, fantasy literature can be especially compelling for adolescents. Mary Ehr...enworth offers a unit of study that harnesses the power of this expansive and poignant genre to lure even reluctant readers into reading epic novels with passion and stamina. Adhering to reading workshop principles and the classic session architecture honed by Lucy Calkins in the Units of Study series, this unit of study begins by launching the kids into fantasy book clubs that foster literary conversations. After exploring ways to read with deep comprehension and to synthesize across pages, students learn to develop thematic understandings. During the course of this unit, students likewise explore where their novels fit within the larger literary tradition. Throughout the unit, students read several books-tackling at least one series, and sometimes moving across series. (This unit of study is drawn from Constructing Curriculum in the Units of Study for Teaching Reading series.) A Quick Guide to Teaching Reading Through Fantasy Novels is part of the Workshop Help Desk series. About the Workshop Help Desk series The Workshop Help Desk series is designed for teachers who believe in workshop teaching and who have already rolled up their sleeves enough to have encountered the predictable challenges. If you've struggled to get around quickly enough to help all your students, if you've wondered how to tweak your teaching to make it more effective and lasting, if you've needed to adapt your teaching for English learners, if you've struggled to teach grammar or nonfiction writing or test prep...if you've faced these and other specific, pressing challenges, then this series is for you. Provided in a compact 5" x 7" format, the Workshop Help Desk series offers pocket-sized professional development. For a comprehensive overview of the Units of Study for Teaching Writing series, including sample minilessons, sample videos, overview presentations, frequently asked questions, and information on the companion principal's guide and the Workshop Help Desk series visit unitsofstudy.com. read more

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Read-aloud time is much treasured in most elementary classrooms as teachers share children's classics with their young readers. Li...nda Hoyt's Interactive Read-Alouds will help you make the most of read-aloud time by showing you creative ways to use popular children's literature to teach standards, fluency, and comprehension. Combining award-winning text and engaging conversations with reflective thinking, Linda's lessons will add drama to your literacy block and will teach your young readers strategies they will use across the curriculum. Interactive Read-Alouds includes the following components: Interactive Read-Alouds (book of lessons) contains standards-based lessons designed around children's classics with Share the Reading strategies and Readers Theater Scripts. The Teacher's Guide outlines the thinking behind Interactive Read-Alouds and describes how to apply the strategies in your classroom. An Interactive Read-Alouds CD-ROM provides all of the shared text and Readers Theater Scripts in an easily accessible PDF format. Key Features Each lesson's concise Lesson Plan models an interactive read-aloud followed by an end of story reflection and strategies for sharing, extending, and assessing the learning. Plus, a test-style assessment option familiarizes students with the type of literature analysis required on standardized tests. A regular Share the Reading feature provides a shared text to reinforce the lesson's teaching in a type treatment that is easy to read and in a reproducible format that is easy to photocopy. Every lesson includes a Readers Theater Script that introduces drama into a reading curriculum in a way that allows students of varying reading abilities to interact with different types of text and each other. read more

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Building learning around rich, instructionally sound contexts was an overarching goal during the development of the Contexts for L...earning Mathematics series. Throughout the series context is used to set the stage for learning. It establishes a terrain that will intrigue children and ignite their imaginations. The contexts are situations children can imagine - either realistic or fictional - that enable them to reflect on what they are doing and apply mathematical thinking to their own world. Contexts for investigations are typically developed with stories and pictures. These are carefully crafted to involve students in meaningful investigations of the big ideas, strategies, and models that shape mathematical thinking.   • The images and texts are engaging and include age-appropriate children using mathematics to solve real-world problems.  • The numbers referenced represent landmark numbers or number relationships that are significant and telling. • The models and metaphors within a context make relationships and strategies more tangible and explicit.   The contexts for the five units in Investigating Multiplication and Division (Grades 3 - 5) are established through 17 vibrant posters (15” x 24”) that meld humor, intrigue, and good math sense. To learn more visit www.contextsforlearning.com   read more

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Building learning around rich, instructionally sound contexts was an overarching goal during the development of the Contexts for L...earning Mathematics series. Throughout the series context is used to set the stage for learning. It establishes a terrain that will intrigue children and ignite their imaginations. The contexts are situations children can imagine - either realistic or fictional - that enable them to reflect on what they are doing and apply mathematical thinking to their own world. Contexts for investigations are typically developed with stories and pictures. These are carefully crafted to involve students in meaningful investigations of the big ideas, strategies, and models that shape mathematical thinking.   • The images and texts are engaging and include age-appropriate children using mathematics to solve real-world problems.  • The numbers referenced represent landmark numbers or number relationships that are significant and telling. • The models and metaphors within a context make relationships and strategies more tangible and explicit.   The contexts for the five units in Investigating Fractions, Decimals, and Percents (Grades 4-6) are established through 16 vibrant posters (15"x24") that meld humor, intrigue, and good math sense. To learn more visit www.contextsforlearning.com       read more

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In A Quick Guide to Teaching Second Grade Writers with Units of Study Lucy Calkins chronicles a curricular calendar that will help... teachers increase the volume of student writing; encourage students to lift the level of their writing by reviwing, rethinking, and rewriting their work; and empower students to write with greater independence. A Quick Guide to Teaching Second Grade Writers with Units of Study is part of the Workshop Help Desk series. About the Workshop Help Desk series The Workshop Help Desk series is designed for teachers who believe in workshop teaching and who have already rolled up their sleeves enough to have encountered the predictable challenges. If you've struggled to get around quickly enough to help all your writers, if you've wondered how to tweak your teaching to make it more effective and lasting, if you've needed to adapt your teaching for English learners, if you've struggled to teach grammar or nonfiction writing or test prep...if you've faced these and other specific, pressing challenges, then this series is for you. Provided in a compact 5" x 7" format, the Workshop Help Desk series offers pocket-sized professional development. For a comprehensive overview of the Units of Study for Teaching Writing series,including sample minilessons, sample videos, curricular calendars, overview presentations, frequently asked questions, and information on the companion principal's guide and the Workshop Help Desk series visit unitsofstudy.com. read more

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Read-aloud time is much treasured in most elementary classrooms as teachers share children's classics with their young readers. Li...nda Hoyt's Interactive Read-Alouds will help you make the most of read-aloud time by showing you creative ways to use popular children's literature to teach standards, fluency, and comprehension. Combining award-winning text and engaging conversations with reflective thinking, Linda's lessons will add drama to your literacy block and will teach your young readers strategies they will use across the curriculum. Interactive Read-Alouds includes the following components: Interactive Read-Alouds (book of lessons) contains standards-based lessons designed around children's classics with Share the Reading strategies and Readers Theater Scripts. The Teacher's Guide outlines the thinking behind Interactive Read-Alouds and describes how to apply the strategies in your classroom. The Interactive Read-Alouds online resources provide all of the shared text and Readers Theater Scripts in an easily accessible PDF format. Key Features Each lesson's concise Lesson Plan models an interactive read-aloud followed by an end of story reflection and strategies for sharing, extending, and assessing the learning. Plus, a test-style assessment option familiarizes students with the type of literature analysis required on standardized tests. A regular Share the Reading feature provides a shared text to reinforce the lesson's teaching in a type treatment that is easy to read and in a reproducible format that is easy to photocopy. Every lesson includes a Readers Theater Script that introduces drama into a reading curriculum in a way that allows students of varying reading abilities to interact with different types of text and each other. read more

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Read-aloud time is much treasured in most elementary classrooms as teachers share children's classics with their young readers. Li...nda Hoyt's Interactive Read-Alouds will help you make the most of read-aloud time by showing you creative ways to use popular children's literature to teach standards, fluency, and comprehension. Combining award-winning text and engaging conversations with reflective thinking, Linda's lessons will add drama to your literacy block and will teach your young readers strategies they will use across the curriculum. Interactive Read-Alouds includes the following components: Interactive Read-Alouds (book of lessons) contains standards-based lessons designed around children's classics with Share the Reading strategies and Readers Theater Scripts. The Teacher's Guide outlines the thinking behind Interactive Read-Alouds and describes how to apply the strategies in your classroom. The Interactive Read-Alouds online resources provide all of the shared text and Readers Theater Scripts in an easily accessible PDF format. Key Features Each lesson's concise Lesson Plan models an interactive read-aloud followed by an end of story reflection and strategies for sharing, extending, and assessing the learning. Plus, a test-style assessment option familiarizes students with the type of literature analysis required on standardized tests. A regular Share the Reading feature provides a shared text to reinforce the lesson's teaching in a type treatment that is easy to read and in a reproducible format that is easy to photocopy. Every lesson includes a Readers Theater Script that introduces drama into a reading curriculum in a way that allows students of varying reading abilities to interact with different types of text and each other. read more